Disco dance
Salsa
Hip-hop
Disco '80-'90

Dance-history in a nutshell

Dance was a way of communication between people and the nature in the primitive societies. At the age of the ancient civilizations the priests were the leading part of the siciety. At the same time the connection of person and dance became indirect in the religion. Dance became a professional art in Egypt. Ancient Greeks were the first who stressed the beauty of the body and the spiritual training. So they’ve created the idea; a sound mind in a sound body. At the age of Baroque the art of dancing was the most important mode of expression among noblemen. Its primary backer was Lewis the XIXth. Social dances’ve been formed from the middle of the 1800s. Romantic ballet started to decline in the 19th century. Bars and music clubs were opened one after the other. Cancan was born. Dance’s became business through the entertaining industry. Modern dance appeared in the 20th century. New types of music – ragtime, jazz – were made an impression on the art of dance. As a result of it jazz dance, step, swing, musical and rock and roll’s came out. In the 60s twist appeared. Dancing in a couple hasn’t already been necessary. After some decades disco dance came out with more new music styles: break, hip-hop, electric boogie.

Modern-dance history

 

Modern music appeared in the beginning of the 20th century. It has broken with every tradition of ballet. With the aim of realizing the liberty of expression. Its main figures were: the American Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham. Martha was famous for developing modern dance into a well-known genre, which has became absolutely different and independent from ballet. She has been thought the best choreographer of modern-dance. She died in 1991 when she was 96. Motions of modern-dance disagreed with airiness of classical ballet. Dancers wriggled, twitched and they often fell onto the stage. The American Merce Cunningham made the most important impression on modern-dance. He’s formed new ways of abstract dance. He wanted to make a clear dance without scenery, story and message. Radical, postmodern trends have appeared, but ballet has been still more popular than modern-dance.

 

Salsa

 

Salsa is the name of a dance that is known and popular all the world over. It belongs to the ’street-group’ of latin styles. Salsa means: spicy (sauce). Originally this word had connection with the music, but later it was used for dance, too. The cradle of salsa was New York, „Spanish Harlem”, or how it was called there „El Barrio”. In the 50s and 60s the „Casino” (round dance of Cuban origin) hadn’t been enough for people, so they started to make new dance styles. Professional dancers and choreographers made the basis steps of salsa, which were borrowed from mambo and rumba. These basis steps have became into the well known latin dances’ basis steps. Salsa is a very colourful dance style. It has elements of chachacha, Cuban rumba and san mambo. Salsa already has been danced in a lot of ways and styles, for example of New York, Los Angeles, Puerto Rico, Cuban, rudea de casino etc. Rueda de Casino is a popular salsa. Couples form a circle and dance the figures which are told in Spanish language. They often change their partners and make spectacular figures.

 

Hip-hop

 

Hip-hop is a lifestyle and a musical genre at the same time. It contains the music, dressing and dance of course. Hip-hop is a style of afro-American and West-African origin. Its first and most important period was 1970-1985, which was called the „Old School”, started from Bronx, USA. Since the 80s hip-hop has became an important part of the modern pop culture. Pioneers of the style: Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and Afrika Bambaata. Between 1985 and 1995 gangster rap was formed (it contained the west and east coasts’ music). In this time in Bronx a lot of people lost their job, unemployment was considerable. Drug users and gangs were lodged in deserted houses. These gangs’d already meaned real danger not only tramping young people. The gangs were at war with each other. In the 90s the East coast came into conflict with the Wast coast’s gangster rappers and it leaded to the death of Tupac Shakur and Notorius B.I.G. in 1996 and 1997.